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The Infinitive and Imperative NegationThe infinitive form of the verb is used in numerous ways in Tamil: as the base for for the imperative mood as well as numerous negative forms (see below), to be attached to auxiliary verbs, as well as the infinitive proper.
The infinitive in Tamil: 'Weak' and 'Strong' verbs
In Tamil, the infinitive tense is formed in one of two ways, according to whether a verb is 'strong' or 'weak.' In forming the infinitive, the 'strong' verbs normally take the suffix க்க் whereas weak verbs do not. There is no way of knowing whether a Tamil verb is a weak or a strong verb simply from its root form. Learning to make the correct inflections of weak and strong verbs requires special attention. Notice how the infinitives are formed for the following weak and strong verbs.
Imperative negationImperative negation is formed by adding either the suffix ஆதீர்கள் (polite) or ஆதே (informal/impolite) with the infinitive form of a verb. The final அ in the infinitive is removed prior to adding this suffix. Ex. சொல்லாதீர்கள், 'don't say', கொடுக்காதீர்கள் 'don't give' , வராதே 'don't come', பார்க்காதே 'don't see' and so on.
Participate in a dialogue using the following expressions:
1) கொஞ்சம் குறையுங்க
2) இது ரொம்ப அதிகம்
3) அதிகமாகச் சொல்லாதீங்க!
4) வெலெ ரொம்ப ஜாஸ்தி
6) எத்தனெ ரூபா?
8) ஒரு டஜன்
9) மத்த கடெயிலெ
10) கொறைக்க முடியாது
11) அவ்வளவுதான் கொறெக்க முடியும்
12) ரொம்ப கொறச்சி கேக்காதீங்க
I. Translate the following sentences into Tamil1. Please don't come to see my house!
2. Please don't buy fruits (பழங்கள்) to give them to me!
3. Please don't eat too much!
4. Please come to sit here!
5. Don't study after midnight! (பன்னிரெண்டு மணிக்கு மேல்)
6. Don't stand( நில்) here all the time (always)! (எப்பொழுதும்)
7. Come to see this picture.
8. Go to the library (லைப்ரரி) to study.
9. Take your Tamil book to study a lesson.
10. Write a letter (கடிதம்) to your father to come to your house.
1) Do not come here.
2) Do not eat this food.
3) Don’t talk to me now.
4) Don’t cook food in the morning.
5) Give the book to him.
6) Get the book from him.
7) Get the pen from his father.
8) Look at this picture with your older brother.
9) Buy this book from a Tamil book store
10) Don’t buy that book from the Tamil book store.
Dialogue: Invitation for a dinner http://www.thetamillanguage.com/unit_02/section_A/lesson02.asp
Dialogue: At the dinner table: http://www.thetamillanguage.com/unit_02/section_B/lesson01.asp
Dialogue: Hiring an auto rikshaw: http://www.thetamillanguage.com/unit_02/section_C/lesson01.asp
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